Bring Your Child’s Vision Into Focus
Myopia is a common refractive error (an error with how the eye bends light) that causes distant objects to appear blurry while nearby objects remain clear. Commonly known as nearsightedness, myopia occurs when the shape of your eye affects the way light reaches your retina.
Myopia is one of the most common vision problems and affects nearly 30% of Americans. It’s growing increasingly more common among children, prompting continued research into methods of controlling it and slowing its progression.
What Is Myopia?
Myopia occurs when your eye is too long or your cornea is too steep. For your eye to process images clearly, light needs to land directly on the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. In an eye with myopia, the shape of the eye causes light to land in front of the retina, making distant objects remain out of focus.
The exact cause of myopia isn’t known, but evidence suggests it results from a complex combination of genetics and how individuals use their eyes. Increased near work (like reading or computer work) and less time spent outdoors seem to contribute to myopia development.
Myopia in Children
Our eyes grow fastest during childhood and slow down during adolescence. Most children’s eyes stop growing when they reach the standard length, but some children’s eyes continue to grow and become myopic. Myopia generally occurs in school-aged children but can develop in children as young as 6 to 8.
Younger children who develop myopia have a higher chance of acquiring high myopia because their eyes grow over a longer period. High myopia can increase the risk of sight-threatening conditions, like:
Myopia Control Methods
Orthokeratology Contact Lenses
Orthokeratology (Ortho-k) involves using specialized rigid gas-permeable contact lenses to reshape the cornea, the clear dome on the front of the eye. These lenses are worn overnight, flattening the cornea and decreasing the need for glasses or contacts during the day.
Atropine Eye Drops
Peripheral Defocus Contact Lenses
Peripheral defocus contact lenses are soft contacts that contain rings of various focal distances. The inner-circle provides clear vision while the outer rings create peripheral blurring. Peripheral defocus has been shown to slow myopia progression.
Help Improve Your Child’s Eyesight
Myopia is an irreversible and lifelong condition. But myopia control methods are non-invasive, rigorously tested, safe for children, and often effective. Call us today to book a children’s eye exam and learn more about our myopia control options!
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